Three-day course: Nanometer CMOS ICs


*** This course starts 8.30 and ends about 18.00 (sometimes even 18.30). It includes a few exercises during the day, but no final examination. At the end of the course, the participants will get an official certificate.

*** This course is meant as a comprehensive tutorial on selected subjects of state-of-the-art CMOS ICs for engineers working in electronic product development and engineering and those who have to write and read product specifications, test samples, discuss technical details with suppliers and customers, etc. and others who need an thorough understanding of ASIC development.



Contents

MOS physics. Characteristics. Equations. Capacitances (short summary).
Geometry effects.
Temperature behaviour. Subthreshold behaviour and leakage current mechanisms.
CMOS technology.
Lithography summary. Basic CMOS processing steps. From a basic nMOS process to a 22 nm CMOS process.
CMOS design.
Basic principles of electrical and logic design
CMOS memories.
Memory architectures, SRAM, DRAM, ROM, PROM, E(E)PROM, NAND- and NOR-flash memories, stand-alone and embedded memories.
VLSI and ASICs.
Design flow. Hierarchy levels. IP cores. Re-use. ASICs.
Low-power.
Battery overview. Summary of existing technology and design options for low power and low leakage.
Robustness of ICs.
Reliability and signal integrity issues. Latch-up, Punch-through, ESD protection circuits.
Hot-carrier degradation. Electromigration. NBTI. Supply and substrate noise, power integrity, decoupling, cross-talk, noise margins, EMC, soft-errors and variability, etc.
Testing, debugging, failure analysis and yield, packaging
Summary on testing. Basics of yield and simple model. Packaging characteristics and trends, Diagnosis techniques, state-of-the-art failure analysis techniques. Repair, focussed ion beam, etc.
Scaling trends, roadblocks and "What's next?"
Costs and roadblocks for 15 nm technologies and beyond. Speed and power trends. Design, masks and processing costs. Roadblocks and solutions. End of Moore's Law! More than Moore: sensors, actuators, MEMS, biological, biomedical apps.

The course includes a copy of the book: "Nanometer CMOS ICs, from Basics to ASICs" Springer 2013 (update) and a copy of the book: "Bits on Chips" 2011